A STUDY OF THE INDIAN RURAL VS. URBAN SECTOR WITH REFERENCE TO MASLOW’S NEED HIERARCHY THEORY: RURAL VS URBAN ECONOMY(2)

RURAL VS URBAN ECONOMY(2)

The basic levels of needs like safe drinking water, shelter, food and power are the primary growth factors in the rural sector, the fulfillment of security needs help in increasing the source of income and employment generation oppournities for the rural folk. They need money to meet out their agricultural activities and livelihood. The esteem needs aim at equal treatment and respect from outside world. They need modern techniques to get wel-equipped with the changes in the urban society. They have the Self Actualization needs related to technological advancement in agriculture, changes in rural household and environment etc

Rural India is central for growth in the near future and identifying the level of needs achieved on the basis of Maslows Need Hierarchy Theory, we can easily assess their degree of empowerment. The basic levels of needs like food, water, infrastructure and power are the primary growth factors in the rural sector, the fulfillment of security needs aims at health and employment generation oppournities for the rural folk.

They need money to meet out their agricultural activities and livelihood. The esteem needs aim at equal treatment and respect from the society. They need modern techniques to get wel-equipped with the changes in the urban society. The esteem and self actualization needs are insignificantly prevalent in rural India.
Fig1A Study Of The Indian_decrypted

Fig1. Maslow’s Need Hierarchy Theory

A need is something that is necessary for organisms to live a healthy life. Maslow’s need Hierarchy Theory in urban area- We all have five basic levels of needs. The Ist level of needs ie physiological needs. The second level of needs -security, it is missing in towns and cities due to competition, lack of money for maintaining standards of living, people indulge in mal practices. The third level of needs ie a sense of belongingness is decreasing due to busy and stressful life in the cities. The nuclear family system has emerged as the dominant factor. The fourth level of need- esteem as people have become independent and working for self development. The Fifth level of needs ie self actualization needs fulfilled by the individual once in the life time, which shows a sign of achievement only in urban area.

I. OBJECTIVE: To identify the needs of the rural and urban Folk with reference to Maslow’s Need Hierarchy Theory.

LOCATION: Allahabad and adjoining areas- Naini, Soraon and Balrampur.

AGE LIMIT- 20-45 years

II.METHODOLOGY:

Procedure: A Questionnaire was administered to 45 urban and 45 rural individuals. People were contacted individually and questions were asked one by one on the level of needs achieved.

III. INTERPRETATION: Rural vs. Urban

HIERARCHY RURAL SECTOR URBAN SECTOR
BASIC NEEDS 65% 91%
SAFETY NEEDS 33% 62%
SOCIOBELONGINGNESS 77% 67%
ESTEEM NEEDS 56% 68.8%
SELFACTUALISATION 13% 27%

IV. ANALYSIS:

 

Fig2A Study Of The Indian_decrypted

Figure-2. Shows the graphical-Bar diagramme representation of the results in the study

Representative APR 391%

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