THE ROLE OF SOUTH ASIAN YOUTH IN PEACE BUILBING(9)

PEACE BUILBING(9)

Women, particularly young women and girls, are the most vulnerable and most affected by social and economic problems in South Asia. Vulnerable posture of youth at risk of marginalization include among others: young women and men with disabilities, indigenous youth, ethnic and cultural minority youth, youth affected by violence including gender based violence and by drug and substance abuse, child soldiers, refugees and migrants and young offenders. Overall, the rural percentage of the population is around 70 % in South Asia which is expected to change to 59% by the end of the century due to urban migration both in the past and the present. The impact in South Asia has been far more limited so far, where literacy rates are lower especially among women and where basic health and family planning services are less available.

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THE ROLE OF SOUTH ASIAN YOUTH IN PEACE BUILBING(8)

Besides, crossborder terrorism where India and Pakistan on several occasions have blamed on each other for carrying out terrorist activities or supporting such acts in their country. Conflict over natural resources occupies the most important place in today South Asia. Bangladesh wants a fair share of Ganga River by opposing the construction of Farrakha Barrage in India. Bangladesh and India have many other disputed relations on maritime border, T alpotti Island, transit and corridor issue, border demarcation, BSF-BDR hostility and illegal migration. These high volumes of conflicts have spillover effects on the other elements of hostility undermining the prospect of peaceful relations in the regional levelPeace in South Asia stresses and depends on certain provisional and relative issues like ‘greater economic integration, frequent and easier people-to-people contact and sustainable development at the regional level.

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THE ROLE OF SOUTH ASIAN YOUTH IN PEACE BUILBING(7)

PEACE BUILBING(7)

South Asian region undergoes rapid geo-strategic changes along with permanent geographic feature making the region a complex web of interlinked and conflicting power interests of regional and international power elites. It is one of the most volatile regions with three neighboring nuclear powers. Historically, the Civilization of South Asia shares a common historical legacy. The British colonial rulers have fragmented the society into different fault lines of ethnicity, religion, race, languages and disguise of nationalism based on religion. The partition of Indian subcontinent in 1947 had entailed the communal riots and, killing and suffering of millions of people as refugee and displaced.

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THE ROLE OF SOUTH ASIAN YOUTH IN PEACE BUILBING(6)

Peace Building

“Peace building refers to post conflict reconstruction of the economy and the civil society once the dispute has been settled.” “Conditions of peace building are relevant both in countries at risk of war, and also in countries coming out of war seeking a more peaceful future. Just as those is no universal formula for preventing wars, there is no single way to build a peaceful society after a war has ended. Peace will not endure if the fundamental problems which caused the violence in the first place are not resolved.An Overview of Peace in South Asia

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THE ROLE OF SOUTH ASIAN YOUTH IN PEACE BUILBING(5)

PEACE BUILBING(5)

Peace

Peace is a term that has been defined from both negative and positive perspectives. The positive definition is “a state of harmony” and the negative one is “a state existing during the absence of war.”  Broadly defined “peace is the least application of violence and coercion to the individual and to the freedom of access of the individual to cherished values.”  On the other hand, James H. Laue defines “peace not only as a cherished goal sought by all individuals and states but also “a process of continuous and constructive management of differences toward the goal of more mutually satisfying relations, the prevention of escalation of violence and the achievement of those conditions that exemplify the universal well-being of human beings and their groups from the family to the culture and the state.”

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THE ROLE OF SOUTH ASIAN YOUTH IN PEACE BUILBING(4)

Youth

Youth just like a river. “Around the world the terms “youth”, “adolescent”, “teenager”, and “young person” are interchanged, often meaning the same thing, occasionally differentiated. Youth generally refers to a time of life that is neither childhood nor adulthood, but rather, somewhere in-between. Youth also identifies a particular mindset of attitude, as in “He is very youthful”. The term youth is also related to being young. “This world demands the qualities of youth: not a time of life but a state of mind, a temper of the will, a quality of imagination, a predominance of courage over timidity, of the appetite for adventure over the love of ease.” – Robert Kennedy Youth is an alternative word to the scientifically-oriented adolescent and the common American terms of teen and teenager.

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THE ROLE OF SOUTH ASIAN YOUTH IN PEACE BUILBING(3)

PEACE BUILBING(3)

Objectives of the Study

The main focus of this paper is to concentrate on the role of youth in peace building process in South Asia. This paper will aim to find an answer to this question by focusing on the current challenges of poverty, unemployment, terrorism, extremism, drug and trafficking in South Asian countries and the opportunities that exist towards achieving peace and happiness in this volatile part of the globe. Moreover the study focuses on the following general objectives:

• Promoting environmental ethics amongst youth
• Exploring social and regional integration towards sustainable development
• Establishing network with active participation of youth from all South Asian countries
• Assist to draw attention of youths both from inside and outside South Asia through communicating to each other and sharing their experiences and gathering data relevant to South Asian courtiers.

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